Socio-Economic Development
The journey towards vibrant and competitive cities along the HSR corridor.
  • Opportunities
  • Socio-Economic Development Programme
  • Core Components
  • Opportunities
    Opportunities

    The KL-SG HSR is an impetus towards turbo-charging socio-economic development in Kuala Lumpur and the cities along the HSR corridor. The KL-SG HSR alignment will allow cities along the corridor to grow to exploit economies of agglomeration, by increasing mobility and accessibility of the cities.

    The wider economic benefits stemming from the KL-SG HSR is estimated at RM 21 billion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the year 2060 with 111,000 jobs created based on a World Bank study on other international projects in 2015. This is on top of the multiple benefits resulting from the construction which is estimated at RM 70 billion and the direct and indirect GDP impact of RM 29 billion.

    The presence of a HSR has proven to unlock employment opportunities in other countries. This can be seen through the development of the biotechnology and information and communications technology (ICT) industries in Shin-Yokohama, Japan. Combined with other enabling components in the city such as improved connectivity through public transport, Shin-Yokohama saw an increase of 147% in the population and approximately 700,000 jobs created from 1966 to 2006. Similarly, Lille in France experienced a 10% increase in job numbers after the HSR started operations.

    In line with this, MyHSR Corp worked with several key federal, state and local authorities since 2016 to develop the Socio-economic Development Programme (SDP) for inclusive and sustainable growth along the KL-SG HSR corridor.
  • Socio-Economic Development Programme
    The SDF consists of three core components: Inclusivity, Economy and Sustainability
    Socio-economic Development Programme

    As a holistic framework to guide socio-economic development, the Socio-economic Development Programme (SDP) was developed to:
    Align and accelerate the delivery of existing national, state and local development plans in place for each city along the KL-SG HSR corridor
    Integrate and synergise development to ensure complementary growth 
    Maximise benefits for local communities and ensure meaningful participation in the development 
    A robust socio-economic development plan complemented by effective execution will help ensure that the cities along the HSR corridor are able to realise the economic and social impact from the HSR, especially for the benefit of local communities. 
    The SDP will be developed over three phases in the long term. They are:

  • Core Components
    Core Components

    The three SDP core components - Economy, Inclusivity and Sustainability - will help ensure that cities along the KL-SG HSR corridor are able to realise the economic and social impact from the HSR project. 
    Inclusivity

    Inclusive growth creates opportunities for local communities to benefit from the KL-SG HSR. It focuses on three elements of inclusivity:
    1. Create access to skills development and jobs
    2. Capture entrepreneurship opportunities
    3. Ensure provision of affordable housing options
    Economy

    Economic growth complements strategies that aim to transition the Malaysian economy towards more knowledge-intensive and high-value added activities. It aims to:
    1. Develop knowledge-intensive activities
    2. Shift towards modern services
    3. Increase productivity of local industries
    Sustainability

    Sustainability is a critical element to ensure that development is not only viable from an economic standpoint, but also considers environmental impact. It focuses on:
    1. Transit-oriented development (TOD)
    2. Reliable and affordable public transportation options
    3. Low carbon cities (LCC)
    At the same time, a set of enablers has been identified across the three components to ensure maximum impact at minimal cost to the government, including public-private partnerships, involving entrepreneurs and social enterprises, as well as proactively engaging with the various public-sector agencies. They include:
    • Strengthen policies, incentives, and regulations to support the development and implementation of economic activities, as well as inclusivity and sustainability components. While Malaysia has a supportive and business-friendly incentive structure, selected  policies or regulations may need to be adjusted to support new priorities identified in the SDF 
    • Identify and train talent with the right skills and qualifications to meet changing industry needs, as well as prepare talent to capture opportunities arising from the development of new industries 
    • Put in place key infrastructure to increase connectivity and competitiveness to support industry development 
    • Set up appropriate delivery mechanisms to ensure effective implementation at federal, state and local levels, including private sector participation where relevant. 
Delivery of the Socio-economic Development Programme

The completion of the SDP marks only the beginning of an exciting journey towards spurring growth of the seven cities along the HSR corridor. The delivery of implementation activities, timelines of proposed action steps and catalytic projects will be planned together with relevant stakeholders to ensure full ownership and effective execution. This will be achieved through two platforms: The Economic Acceleration Programme (EAP) and the Cities Transformation Programme (CTP).
  • The Economic Acceleration Programme (EAP)

    In an effort to ensure that cities along the HSR corridor are inclusive and sustainable, each city must leverage on its strengths for economic growth. Under the EAP, seven growth areas have been prioritised based on current strengths and future potential across the HSR corridor.
      
    The EAP will monitor, track and facilitate the delivery of the Economy component of the SDP alongside the local stakeholders.
    DIGITAL ECONOMY

    Leverages movement of high-skilled, knowledge workers and facilitate flow of business activities to support growth and innovation
    BIOECONOMY

    Accelerates development of biotechnology ecosystem by linking knowledge hubs with testing and manufacturing facilities
    ADVANCED MANUFACTURING

    Moves up value chain to produce higher value products and components, as well as develop white spaces in manufacturing
    TOURISM

    Captures higher demand and increased spending with international-standard tourist attractions, facilities and services
    HEALTHCARE

    Complements existing private healthcare services by expanding into wellness, traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM), aged care and rehabilitation
    FURNITURE

    Modernises the furniture industry by developing a comprehensive ecosystem that can support high-value activities including R&D, design and retail
    TEXTILES

    Strengthens current textile and garment manufacturing offerings through capability and capacity-building, while moving the textile industry up the value chain through venturing into R&D, design and retail
  • The Cities Transformation Programme (CTP)

    The CTP focuses on the delivery of the SDP’s Inclusivity and Sustainability components for the rejuvenation of modern cities. A multi-stakeholder approach involving state governments, local authorities and the private sector is required to rollout targeted programmes to create a vibrant, liveable and competitive environment.

    Under the CTP, the following elements have been identified:
    AFFORDABLE HOUSING

    Ensures local housing policies, guidelines and delivery models are aligned and suitable
    LOW CARBON CITIES

    Promotes sustainability agenda and apply Low Carbon City Framework for the HSR station area and cities
    TRANSIT-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT

    Promotes increased connectivity through multi-modal transportation, pedestrian walkways and cycle-friendly surroundings around the HSR stations
    PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

    Ensures local connectivity planning in each city
    ENTREPRENEURSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

    Transforms local authority service delivery so that each city is the best place for business through optimising local service delivery
    The Vision for Each City

    By investing in the 5 elements above, the following outcomes are envisioned for each city along the KL-SG HSR corridor:
    MOBILITY

    An increase in public transportation ridership and other forms of active transportation, such as walking and cycling, to reduce automobile-induced sprawls and reliance on single-uses vehicles
    COMPETITIVENESS

    An increase in and revitalisation of the city’s competitiveness to attract and retain talent and investment
    LIVEABILITY

    A vibrant area, where residents have access to affordable public transportation, enjoy green and open spaces and a diverse range of housing options, resulting in higher liveability
    FINANCIAL RETURN

    Commercialisation opportunities for the government, developers and land owners to ensure return on investment, balanced against socio-economic outcomes
    Studies have proven that implementing the various key elements have led to the development of competitive and sustainable cities. A case study of one such implementation can be seen from the King’s Cross St Pancreas station:

    King’s Cross was revitalised into a vibrant new city around King's Cross - St Pancras TOD
    • A major transport hub served by six tube lines, two national trains and an international HSR to Paris 
    • £2.5 billion invested in transport infrastructure 
    • Historic buildings were maintained and restored during redevelopment
    High Density
    Highly dense and compact
    Camden Centre
    (100m)
    York Way
    (400m)
    Mix of mid- to high-rise
    Multimodal
    High Speed 1 (HS1) - connects to Paris, Brussels, Lilie & Amsterdam
    Underground Rail - connects to multi-locations in London via 6 lines
    Public Bus - reached by 14 bus routes
    Taxi and private hire vehicles
    National rail - connects to Gatwick airport and 10 cities in the UK e.g., Cambridge, Edinburgh and etc.
    DIVERSE
    Art House
    (650m)
    Mid- to high-end residential
    Rubicon Court
    (800m)
    Saxon Court
    (800m)
    Affordable housing around TOD
    Connectivity
    Pedestrian infrastructure
    Way-finding information
    Wide side-walks
    MIXED-USE
    Pancras Square
    (300m)
    Commercial
    British Library
    (200m)
    Civil and cultural
    Within Station
    Retail
    Green and open spaces
    Camley National Park
    (400m)
    Pancras Square
    (300m)
    Wharf Road Garden
    (400m)
Delivering Impact Across the HSR Corridor

The SDP charts a path for the growth and development of cities that are modern and holistic. Improved connectivity through the HSR will play an integral part in moving the economy up the value chain. Ultimately, the SDP will help to deliver a brighter future for Malaysian cities with sustainable growth, prosperity and a new lifestyle of enhanced mobility that will continue to bring Malaysia to greater heights.
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